Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2020, Page: 77-82
Short-term Evaluation of Survival Newborns Having Spent a Day in Neonatology at the University Clinics of Kinshasa During Severe Preeclampsia: Prospective Cohort Survey
Vangu Vangu Roland, Department of Gynécology and Obstétric, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Congo; Department of Internal Medecine, University of Président Joseph KASA-VUBU, Boma, Congo
Rahma Rashid Tozin, Department of Gynécology and Obstétric, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Congo
Mbungu Mwimba Roger, Department of Gynécology and Obstétric, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Congo
Mbuyi Muamba Jean Marie, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Congo
Mokondjimobe Etienne, Department of Public Health, Lomo-University Reseach, Kinshasa, Congo; Department of Sciences, University of MARIEN NGOUABI, Brazzaville, Congo
Mambueni Thamba Christophe, Department of Public Health, Lomo-University Reseach, Kinshasa, Congo
Vangu Ngoma Dieudonné, Department of Public Health, Lomo-University Reseach, Kinshasa, Congo
Tsimba Vangu Andrien, Department of Internal Medecine, University of Président Joseph KASA-VUBU, Boma, Congo
Makoso Nimi Blaise, Department of Internal Medecine, University of Président Joseph KASA-VUBU, Boma, Congo
Mbungu Fuele Simon, Department of Public Health, Lomo-University Reseach, Kinshasa, Congo
Nkodila Natuhoyila Aliocha, Department of Public Health, Lomo-University Reseach, Kinshasa, Congo
Longo-Mbenza Benjamin, Department of Gynécology and Obstétric, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Congo; Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Congo; Department of Public Health, Lomo-University Reseach, Kinshasa, Congo
Received: Aug. 5, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 24, 2020;       Published: Oct. 13, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20200805.14      View  32      Downloads  20
Abstract
Background and aims: neonatal mortality in pregnant women with pre-eclampsia remains a concern in our environment and several factors, including those related to complications of pre-eclampsia, contribute to it in our settings where the care is inadequate. The aims of our study is to determine the frequency of transfer to describe the survival of babies born to preeclampsia mothers admitted to the Pediatric Neonatology Department of University Clinics of Kinshasa over a consecutive period of approximately 30 days. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study carried out over a period from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2015 targeting all babies born to preeclampsia mothers followed in the neonatal service of the University Clinics of Kinshasa. Maternal, perpartal, neonatal and evolutionary characteristics (cure or death) were studied. Survival was described by the Kaplan Meier method at the 5% significance level. Results: the recorded death rate was 26.5%. Gestational age between 28-36 weeks of amenorrhea conferred a risk of death in children 3 times, compared with APGAR <7 at the 1st, 5th and 10th which conferred a risk of 2, 3 and 3 times respectively. The overweight-obese mothers had a risk doubled of causing the death of newborns. Conclusion: The toll of neonatal mortality during preeclampsia is heavy in developing countries where newborns continue to die from often preventable causes. The reduction in neonatal morbidity and mortality requires an improvement in the system of care for newborns in our environment.
Keywords
Pre-Eclampsia, Mortality, Survival, Newborns, Neonatology, CUK
To cite this article
Vangu Vangu Roland, Rahma Rashid Tozin, Mbungu Mwimba Roger, Mbuyi Muamba Jean Marie, Mokondjimobe Etienne, Mambueni Thamba Christophe, Vangu Ngoma Dieudonné, Tsimba Vangu Andrien, Makoso Nimi Blaise, Mbungu Fuele Simon, Nkodila Natuhoyila Aliocha, Longo-Mbenza Benjamin, Short-term Evaluation of Survival Newborns Having Spent a Day in Neonatology at the University Clinics of Kinshasa During Severe Preeclampsia: Prospective Cohort Survey, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 77-82. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20200805.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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