Volume 7, Issue 4, July 2019, Page: 79-83
The Risk Factors for the Incidence of Cervical Cancer in Anutapura Hospital of Palu in the Period of 2015-2018
Rosmala Nur, Department of Biostatistics, Demography, and Family Planning, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu City, Indonesia
Nurul Fiyanti Lamato, Department of Biostatistics, Demography, and Family Planning, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu City, Indonesia
Nurhaya Suardi Patui, Department of Biostatistics, Demography, and Family Planning, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu City, Indonesia
Elvaria Mantao, Department of Biostatistics, Demography, and Family Planning, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu City, Indonesia
Rahma Dwi Larasati, Department of Biostatistics, Demography, and Family Planning, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu City, Indonesia
Sitti Radhiah, Department of Biostatistics, Demography, and Family Planning, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu City, Indonesia
Ulfa Aulia, Department of Biostatistics, Demography, and Family Planning, Public Health Study Program, Faculty of Public Health, Tadulako University, Palu City, Indonesia
Syaiful Hendra, Department of Information Tecnology Faculty of Engeneering, Tadulako University, Palu City, Indonesia
Received: Jun. 27, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 18, 2019;       Published: Aug. 5, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20190704.12      View  29      Downloads  10
Abstract
Background: Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of death after breast cancer in women in developing countries. In 2017, there were 2,8% cases of patients with cervical cancer in Indonesia and 0,8% cases in Central Sulawesi. The medical record data of Anutapura Hospital of Palu shows that the incidence of cervical cancer in 2016-2017 was still the biggest disease that occurred in the obstetrics and gynecology department with a total of 36 cases. Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the risk of first marriage age, parity, use of oral contraceptives, education level, smoking and use of sanitary napkins at childbearing age on the incidence of cervical cancer in Anutapura Hospital of Palu. Research Patient and Method: This research used quantitative method with case control approach. There were 62 people taken as the case sample and 62 people as the control with age matching. The sampling was conducted using total sampling method. The data used were secondary data in the form of yearly medical record and primary data in the form of interviews and questionnaires. Results: The data analysis conducted using the Odd Ratio test on the results of research showed the followings; the first marriage age (OR=4,115 and CI=1,944-8,709), parity (OR=3,091 and CI=1,485-6,436), the use of oral contraceptives (OR=3,566 and CI=1,658-7,670), education level (OR=4,875 and CI=2,263-10,503), smoking (OR=4,242 and CI=2,229-14,446), and use of sanitary napkins (OR=5,559 and CI=2,571-12,021). Conclusions: First marriage age, risk of parity, use of oral contraception, education level, smoking and use of sanitary napkins are the risk factors for cervical cancer.
Keywords
Risk Factor, Cervical Cancer, Parity
To cite this article
Rosmala Nur, Nurul Fiyanti Lamato, Nurhaya Suardi Patui, Elvaria Mantao, Rahma Dwi Larasati, Sitti Radhiah, Ulfa Aulia, Syaiful Hendra, The Risk Factors for the Incidence of Cervical Cancer in Anutapura Hospital of Palu in the Period of 2015-2018, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 79-83. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20190704.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Abd El All HS, Refaat A, Dandash K. Prevalence of cervical neoplastic lesions and human papilloma virus infection in Egypt: National cervical cancer screening project. Infect Agent Cancer. 2007; 2 (1): 1–14.
[2]
Gierisch JM, Coeytaux RR, Urrutia RP, Havrilesky LJ, Moorman PG, Lowery WJ, et al. Oral contraceptive use and risk of breast, cervical, colorectal, and endometrial cancers: A systematic review. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2013; 22 (11): 1931–43.
[3]
Okunowo AA, Daramola ES, Soibi-Harry AP, Ezenwankwo FC, Kuku JO, Okunade KS, et al. Women’s knowledge of cervical cancer and uptake of Pap smear testing and the factors influencing it in a Nigerian tertiary hospital. J Cancer Res Pract. 2018; 5 (3): 105–11.
[4]
Sulistiowati E, Sirait AM. Knowledge About Risk Factors, Behavior And Early Detection Of Cervical Cancer With Visual Inspection Acetic Acid [Iva] In Women In Central Bogor Sub-district, Bogor City. Bul Penelit Kesehat. 2014; 42 (3): 193–202.
[5]
S de Sanjosé, B Serrano, X Castellsagué, M Brotons, J Muñoz, L Bruni FB. HPV and Related Cancers in the GAVI Countries. A WHO/ICO HPV Information Centre Report. Vaccine. 2012; 30 [Suppl 4].
[6]
Yost S, Hoekstra A. Cervical cancer in women over 65: An analysis of screening. Gynecol Oncol Reports. 2018; 25 [2017]: 48–51.
[7]
Sharma P, Pattanshetty SM. A study on risk factors of cervical cancer among patients attending a tertiary care hospital: A case-control study. Clin Epidemiol Glob Heal. 2018; 6 (2): 83–7.
[8]
Oh HY, Kim MK, Seo S-S, Lee J-K. Association of Combined Tobacco Smoking and Oral Contraceptive Use With Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia 2 or 3 in Korean Women. J Epidemiol. 2015; 26 (1): 22–9.
[9]
Rio S, Suci EST. Persepsi Tentang Kanker Serviks Dan Upaya Prevensinya Pada Perempuan Yang Memiliki Keluarga Dengan Riwayat Kanker. J Kesehat Reproduks. 2017; 4 (3): 159–69.
[10]
Albert A, Lee A, Allbright R, Vijayakumar S. Impact of age on receipt of curative treatment for cervical cancer: an analysis of patterns of care and survival in a large, national cohort. J Geriatr Oncol. 2019 May; 10 (3): 465–74.
[11]
Schisler TM, Bhavsar AK, Whitcomb BP, Freeman JH, Washington MA, Blythe JW, et al. Human papillomavirus genotypes in Pacific Islander cervical cancer patients. Gynecol Oncol Reports. 2018; 24 [March]: 83–6.
[12]
Segni MT, Demissie HF, Tadesse Dagne Muluand Amdemichael R, Mamo YT, Worku A. Level of Knowledge and Associated Factor toward Cervical Cancer amongWomen Age (21-64) Years Visiting Health Facilities in Gulele Sub-cityAddis Ababa Ethiopia. J Pancreas. 2017; 18 (1): 44–8.
[13]
BKKBN. Sdki 2017. Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia. 2017.
[14]
Makuza JD, Nsanzimana S, Muhimpundu MA, Pace LE, Ntaganira J, Riedel DJ. Prevalence and risk factors for cervical cancer and pre-cancerous lesions in Rwanda. Pan Afr Med J. 2015; 22: 1–8.
[15]
M. S, S. P. S, G. S, N. S. M. A study to assess select risk factors for carcinoma cervix among patients attending Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology. Int J Community Med Public Heal. 2017; 4 (11): 4238.
[16]
Di S, Moewardi R, Surakarta K. No Title. 2018.
[17]
Setyani RA. Penerapan Program Deteksi Dini Kanker Serviks Sebagai Upaya Pemberdayaan Wanita Di Sleman Yogyakarta. 2017; (2): 12–6.
[18]
Machida H, Mandelbaum RS, Mikami M, Enomoto T, Sonoda Y, Grubbs BH, et al. Characteristics and outcomes of reproductive-aged women with early-stage cervical cancer: trachelectomy vs hysterectomy. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2018; 219 (5): 461.e1-461.e18.
[19]
Shimamoto K, Saito T, Kitade S, Tomita Y, Nagayama R, Yamaguchi S, et al. A study of treatments and outcomes in elderly women with cervical cancer. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2018; 228: 174–9.
[20]
Cooper CP, Saraiya M. Cervical Cancer Screening Intervals Preferred by U.S. Women. Am J Prev Med. 2018; 55 (3): 389–94.
[21]
Prayetni. KANKER SERVIKS WANITA USIA SUBUR Cervical Cancer in Productive Women Darmawati. Idea Nurs J. 2007; 1: 9–14.
Browse journals by subject