Volume 7, Issue 4, July 2019, Page: 71-78
Former Footballers in Senegal: Health Condition and Vocational Retraining
Oussseynou Ka, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal; Center of Gerontology and Geriatrics of Ouakam, Dakar, Sénégal
Oumar Diop, Center of Gerontology and Geriatrics of Ouakam, Dakar, Sénégal
Abdoul Aziz Ndiaye, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
Ndeye Fatou Ngom, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
Awa Gaye, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
Mountaga Elimane Dia, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
ALioune Badara Tall, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
Cheikh Tacko Diop, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
Martial Coly Bop, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
Boubacar Gueye, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
Papa Gallo Sow, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
Abdoulaye Ba, Department of Physiology of Faculty Medicine, Pharmacy and Odontology of Cheikh Anta Diop University of Dakar, Dakar, Sénégal
Lamine Gueye, Department of Community Health of the Sustainable Health and Development Training and Research Unit of Alioune Diop, University of Bambey, Bambey, Sénégal
Received: Jun. 1, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 11, 2019;       Published: Jul. 31, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20190704.11      View  25      Downloads  7
Abstract
The objective of this work was to study among former Senegalese footballers their state of health and their socio-economic situation, an expression of appreciation of their professional retraining. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study from October 2015 to April 2016. Our population consisted of former footballers who played in the Senegalese national championship in the first division or were expatriates, honoring or not a selection in the national team. The cohort consisted of 100 retired footballers, the average age was 57, the average age of sports retirement at 31.8 years, the average duration of sport at 25 years; 56% of respondents had at least one risk factor, 28% reported sports-related conditions, 77% said they did not have reconversion and / or economic difficulties, but only 18% actually expressed the wish that their children become footballers. Older age was the main reason for sports retreat (49%) but 67% of subjects continued to play sports. However, it was noted that the number of risk factors increased with advancing age and longer sporting life and that lean body mass decreased with both indicators. In addition, subjects who engaged in regular physical activity had fewer risk factors and had more lean body mass. This study confirms the positive impact of sports practice in the prevention of risk factors and recommendations have been made to improve the living conditions of former athletes.
Keywords
Former Football Players, Sports Retreat, Professional Retraining, Prevention of Risk Factors, Senegal
To cite this article
Oussseynou Ka, Oumar Diop, Abdoul Aziz Ndiaye, Ndeye Fatou Ngom, Awa Gaye, Mountaga Elimane Dia, ALioune Badara Tall, Cheikh Tacko Diop, Martial Coly Bop, Boubacar Gueye, Papa Gallo Sow, Abdoulaye Ba, Lamine Gueye, Former Footballers in Senegal: Health Condition and Vocational Retraining, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 71-78. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20190704.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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