Volume 7, Issue 1, January 2019, Page: 11-16
Application of Public Health Risk Assessment Methodology for Typhoon Disaster in China
Wang Zhe, Public Health Emergency Center, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
Li Yonghong, Institute for Infectious Diseases Control, Guangxi Province Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanning, China
Zhang Bike, Public Health Emergency Center, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
Ren Jinghuan, Public Health Emergency Center, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
Jiang Fanxiao, Public Health School, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China
Received: Dec. 3, 2018;       Accepted: Feb. 15, 2019;       Published: Mar. 11, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20190701.13      View  17      Downloads  2
Abstract
Objective We conducted a public health risk assessment program for the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region for typhoon disaster, to provide scientific evidence for public health emergency response and preparedness. Methods The public health risk assessment model for natural disaster is established through literature reviews, brainstorming, Delphi’s expert consultation and evaluation, based on theories of management, sociology and epidemiology. Basic data related to natural disasters and public health were extensively collected before the risk assessment. 34 public health experts from different professional fields identify the risk factors based on the basic data, conduct risk analysis according to the scoring criterion, calculate the risk values of risk factors according to the evaluation model, and then conduct the risk evaluation. Results 20 major public health risks which could seriously affect the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region for typhoon disaster, were identified and assessed. The results of risk analysis showed that trauma, typhoid or paratyphoid, cholera, infectious diarrhea and hepatitis A were the top five high risk factors. Conclusion This study is the first time to apply the risk assessment theory for public health emergency preparedness before the natural disaster. Try to establish assessment index system, and then calculate risk value by semi-quantitative assessment method. This study provides a technical support for early warning surveillance and dynamic risk assessment of public health events. It will eventually improve capacity of public health emergency preparedness and response on natural disaster.
Keywords
Typhoon Disaster, Public Health, Risk Assessment
To cite this article
Wang Zhe, Li Yonghong, Zhang Bike, Ren Jinghuan, Jiang Fanxiao, Application of Public Health Risk Assessment Methodology for Typhoon Disaster in China, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2019, pp. 11-16. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20190701.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
HUANG Zhuhang, ZHANG Lizhen, ZHAO Xinhua. Application of Delphi method in epidemiological research [J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health Management, 2011, 5 (27):459-461.
[2]
WANG Ruiping, GUO Xiaoqin, BI Anhua. Communicable Disease Risk Evaluation during 2010 Shanghai Expo in Songjiang district in Shanghai [J]. Disease Surveillance, 2011, 4 (26): 305-309.
[3]
HONG Rongtao, ZHANG Bike, YAN Yansheng. A preliminary study on public health risk assessment methods for natural disasters [J]. Chinese Journal of Public Health Management, 2013 (2):154-158.
[4]
Malilay J. Tropical cyclones. In:Noji EK, ed. The public health consequences of disasters. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1997.207-227.
[5]
GONG Zhenyu, CHAI Chengliang, Tu Chunyu etc. A field epidemiological study on the risk factors of injury caused by typhoon [J]. Chinese Journal of Epidemiology, 2006, 27 (9):773-776.
[6]
Na W, Lee KE, Myung HN, et al. Incidences of Waterborne and Foodborne Diseases After Meteorologic Disasters in South Korea, Ann Glob Health 2016; 82:848-57.
[7]
Zheng J, Han W, Jiang B, et al. Infectious Diseases and Tropical Cyclones in Southeast China, Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017; 14:10.3390/ijerph14050494.
[8]
Ahmed QA, Memish ZA. The public health planners' perfect storm: Hurricane Matthew and Zika virus, Travel Med Infect Dis 2017; 15:63-6.
[9]
Amber M. Henslee Scott F. Coffey Julie A, et al. Religious Coping and Psychological and Behavioral Adjustment After Hurricane Katrina, The Journal of Psychology.2015, 149 (6):630-642.
[10]
Woodruff LA Hoffpauir SA. Effective mental health response to catastrophic events: lessons learned from Hurricane Katrina. Family & community health. 2018, 31 (1):17-22.
[11]
JIANG Bo, GAO Yuxia, XING Shenyang. Application of Delphi method in the nursing study of community health service [J]. MODERN NURSING, 2007, 13 (28):2691-2693.
[12]
PANG Xinghuo, LIU Xiuying, GAO Ting etc. Methodology of risk assessment for major public health events during Beijing 2008 Olympic Games [J]. CAPITAL JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, 2009, 3 (2):52-58.
[13]
Rodriguez. SR, Tocco. JS, Mallonee. S, Smithee. L, Cathey. T, Bradley. K. Rapid needs assessment of Hurricane Katrina evacuees-Oklahoma, September 2005. Prehospital and disaster medicine, 2006, 21 (6):390-5.
[14]
WANG Jing. The past, present and future of risk assessment and risk management. JOURNAL OF HEALTH TOXICOLOGY, 1999, 13 (1):64-65.
[15]
Li Weixiao, Chen Peirui, Shao Jindong, et al. Quantitative analysis and health risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in edible vegetable oils marketed in Shandong of China. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2015, 83:61-67.
[16]
Yi, Yujun Tang, Caihong Yi, Tieci Yang, Zhifeng Zhang, Shanghong. Health risk assessment of heavy metals in fish and accumulation patterns in food web in the upper Yangtze River, China. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2017, 145 (Nov.):295-302.
[17]
Teng, Yue Bi, Dehua Xie, Guigang Jin, et al. Model-informed risk assessment for Zika virus outbreaks in the Asia-Pacific regions. Journal of Infection, 2017, 74 (5):484-491.
[18]
ZHANG Ruimei. pplication of risk management in psychiatric nursing management. JOURNAL OF NURSING ADMINISTRATION, 2006, 22 (9):70-71.
[19]
ZHOU Xiaotao, XING Sizhong, ZHU Zhiliang etc. Application of risk matrix model in risk assessment of public health system in baoan district, shenzhen city. For All Health, 2013, 7 (4):68-71.
Browse journals by subject