Volume 6, Issue 5, September 2018, Page: 70-75
Association and Discriminatory Power of Abdominal Obesity for the Prevention of Sarcopenia and Vice Versa in Postmenopausal Women
Francisco José Gondim Pitanga, Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil
Cristiano Penas Seara Pitanga, Integrated Institute of Health (SPORTCLIN), Salvador, Brazil
Ronaldo Eugénio Calçada Dias Gabriel, Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB), Laboratory of Biomechanics, Body Composition and Health (LaB2Health), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
Carmem Cristina Beck, Federal Institute of Santa Catarina, Palhoça, Brazil
Maria Helena Rodrigues Moreira, Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB), Laboratory of Biomechanics, Body Composition and Health (LaB2Health), University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
Received: Oct. 6, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 19, 2018;       Published: Nov. 10, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20180605.12      View  187      Downloads  6
Abstract
Both abdominal obesity and sarcopenia are associated with cardiometabolic disorders mainly in postmenopausal women. In addition, there appears to be a reverse association between abdominal obesity and sarcopenia. The objective of the study was to identify the association and the discriminatory power of abdominal obesity for the prevention of sarcopenia and vice versa in postmenopausal women. The sample includes 257 women with age 57,2 years, The abdominal obesity and the variables determinants of sarcopenia were assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis. The association of variables was been tested using logistic regression and the discriminatory power through Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) considering a confidence interval of 95%. The presence of abdominal obesity with the cutoff point of 153 cm² of visceral fat was discriminatory power for sarcopenia, as well as the musculoskeletal mass index with the cuttof point of 35,2% discriminated the absence of abdominal obesity. After adjusting for confounders it was observed still association between abdominal obesity and sarcopenia and association between musculoskeletal mass index and absence of abdominal obesity. The results of the study suggest that abdominal obesity discriminates and is associated with sarcopenia, such as musculoskeletal mass index discriminates the absence and is inversely associated whit of abdominal obesity in postmenopausal women.
Keywords
Abdominal Obesity, Sarcopenia, Postmenopausal Women
To cite this article
Francisco José Gondim Pitanga, Cristiano Penas Seara Pitanga, Ronaldo Eugénio Calçada Dias Gabriel, Carmem Cristina Beck, Maria Helena Rodrigues Moreira, Association and Discriminatory Power of Abdominal Obesity for the Prevention of Sarcopenia and Vice Versa in Postmenopausal Women, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2018, pp. 70-75. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20180605.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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