Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2016, Page: 56-60
Prevalence of Diarrhoea Disease Among Infants in an Urban and a Rural Local Government Area in Anambra State, Nigeria: A Comparative Study
Azuike Emmanuel Chukwunonye, Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria; Foundation for Health and Development in Nigeria, Nnewi, Nigeria
Nwabueze Simeon Achunam, Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
Adinma Echendu Dolly, Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria
Udedibia Ifeanyi Ndubuisi, Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria; Foundation for Health and Development in Nigeria, Nnewi, Nigeria
Onyemachi Prince Ezenwa, Department of Community Medicine, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Nigeria
Igwebike Uchenna Nwanneka, Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria; Foundation for Health and Development in Nigeria, Nnewi, Nigeria
Aniemena Reginald Chidozie, Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria; Foundation for Health and Development in Nigeria, Nnewi, Nigeria
Ezenyeaku Chijioke Amara, Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria; Foundation for Health and Development in Nigeria, Nnewi, Nigeria
Emerenini Ikenna, Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria; Faculty of Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria
Received: Mar. 10, 2016;       Accepted: Mar. 21, 2016;       Published: Apr. 5, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20160403.11      View  2843      Downloads  83
Abstract
Introduction: Diarrhoea is the 10th most common cause of infant morbidity and mortality in the developing countries, though it is regarded as a minor illness in developed countries. The burden of diarrhoea in the developing world has been estimated by the world health organisation (WHO) to be about 1.7x109 episodes of diarrhoea with 4.4 million children per year. This accounts for 15 to 30% of total outpatient visits in many paediatrics clinics. Aim: To determine the prevalence of diarrhoea disease among infants and compare the risk factors for diarrhoea in infants in the two Local Government Areas (LGAs). Methodology: This was a comparative cross-sectional study. An interviewer-administered, pre-tested, semi-structured questionnaire was utilized. Data was analysed using SPSS Version 20. Frequencies and percentages were presented in tables. Chi square test of independence was used to determine association between qualitative variables. Level of statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Result: Two hundred and ninety one respondents participated in this study. There were 143 respondents in the urban LGA and 148 respondents in the rural LGA. In the urban LGA, Out of the 143 infants, 73 (51.0%) were males while 70 (49.0%) were females. Also in the rural LGA there were more males (50.7%). This difference was not statistically significant. Out of 143 respondents in the urban LGA 65 (45.5%) has had diarrhoea but in the rural LGA, out of 148 respondents, 95 (64.2%) have had diarrhoea. This difference was statistically significant. In the urban LGA 46.2% of the mothers whose infants have had diarrhoea practiced exclusive breast feeding, while in the rural LGA only 26.3% of the mothers whose infants have had diarrhoea practiced exclusive breast feeding. This difference was not statistically significant. Among the mothers of the urban infants that have had diarrhoea, 93.8% reported that they practice hand washing after handling child’s faeces, but in the rural LGA, only 80.0% reported that they practice hand washing. This difference was statistically significant. Among the urban mothers whose infants had diarrhoea, 92.3% wash their hands before meals, but among the rural mothers, only 89% wash their hands before meals. This difference was statistically significant. Conclusion: Diarrhoea prevalence was higher among infants in the rural LGA. Exclusive breastfeeding was practiced more in the urban than in the rural LGA. We recommended that health education should be intensified in the rural areas.
Keywords
Prevalence, Diarrhoea, Infants
To cite this article
Azuike Emmanuel Chukwunonye, Nwabueze Simeon Achunam, Adinma Echendu Dolly, Udedibia Ifeanyi Ndubuisi, Onyemachi Prince Ezenwa, Igwebike Uchenna Nwanneka, Aniemena Reginald Chidozie, Ezenyeaku Chijioke Amara, Emerenini Ikenna, Prevalence of Diarrhoea Disease Among Infants in an Urban and a Rural Local Government Area in Anambra State, Nigeria: A Comparative Study, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2016, pp. 56-60. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20160403.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Azubike JC, Kanu. E. O. Nkamginieme. disorders of gastrointestinal tract. Paediatrics and Child Health in a Tropical Region, Second edition. 2007; 275-277.
[2]
Araoye M. O, Research Methodology with statistics for health and social science. First edition. Natuadex publishers, Ilorin 2003; 118.
[3]
Yalgwan CS, Okolo SN. Prevalence of diarrhea disease and risk factors in Jos university Teaching Hospital, Nigeria. Annals of African Medicine 2012. 11(4): 217-21
[4]
Teklemichael Gebru, Mohammed Taha and Wondwosen Kassahum. Risk factors of diarrhea disease in under-five children among health extension model and non-model families in Sheko district rural community, Southwest Ethiopia: Comparative cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 2014, 14: 395.
[5]
Fefkrdous F, Da Sk, Ahmed S, Farzana FD, Malek MA, Das J, latham JR, Faruque AS, Christi MJ. Diarrhoea in slum children: observation from a large diarrhoeal disease hospital in Dhaka, bangledash. Pubmed 2014: 19(10) 1170-6
[6]
Seema Mihrshahi, Wendy H Oddy, Jennifer K peat and Iqbal kabir. Association between infants feeding patterns and diarrhoeal and respiratory illness. A cohort study in Chittagong, Bangledash. google International breastfeeding journal 2008.24; 3:28
[7]
Curtis C, Cairncross S. Effect of washing hands with soap on diarrhoea risk in the community: a systematic review. Lancet Infect Dis 2003; 3: 275–81.
[8]
Shahid NS, Greenough WB, Samadi AR, Huq MI, Rahman N. Hand washing with Soap reduces diarrhoea and spread of bacterial pathogens in a Bangladesh village. Journal of Diarrhoeal Diseases Research, 1996, 14(2): 85-89.
[9]
Victoria CG, Smith PG, Vaughan JP, Nobre LC, Lombardi C, Teixeira AM, Fuchs SC, Moreira LB, Gigante LP, Barros FC. Water supply, sanitation and housing in relation to the risk of infant mortality from diarrhea. International Journal of Epidemiology, 1988; 17 (3): 651-4.
Browse journals by subject