Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Page: 197-200
Professional Diploma of Family Medicine in Egypt and Sudan: Face-to-Face Versus Synchronous Distant Learning
Marwa Mostafa Ahmed, Department of Family Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Ghada Mahmoud Khafajy, Department of Family Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Nagwa Eid Saad, Department of Family Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
Received: Nov. 15, 2015;       Accepted: Nov. 24, 2015;       Published: Dec. 8, 2015
DOI: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20150306.17      View  3401      Downloads  85
Background: Videoconferencing technology reduces time and costs between remote locations, fill gaps in teaching services, enables meetings that would not be possible due to prohibitive travel costs, and improves access to learning Aim: To explore the effectiveness of the theoretical module of PDFM (Professional Diploma of Family Medicine) in Sudan delivered via distant learning compared to that of PDFM in Egypt delivered via conventional learning by comparing the achievement level in the post-theoretical-module exam and the results of the exam analysis. Methods: This comparative study was conducted from November 2014 to April 2015. In PDFM Egypt and Sudan, the theoretical part was delivered via face-to face learning and synchronous videoconference respectively. The same exam was used to assess candidates' knowledge in PDFM in Egypt and Sudan at the same time. Item analysis was done to obtain item and test statistics. Also, candidates' feedback was assessed using a Web-based questionnaire Results: Thirty-two candidates (84.2%) passed the exam of PDFM in Egypt while 77 candidates (86.5%) passed it in Sudan. The reliability co-efficient of the exam in Egypt and Sudan were 0.9188 and 0.8140 respectively. There was no significant difference between the discrimination index of the exam (p value=0.074), while there was significant difference between the difficulty index; 70% of the exam questions were considered easy in PDFM Sudan compared to 40% in PDFM Egypt. Conclusion: Synchronous videoconferencing can be used to expand educational capacity and international cooperation between academic institutions in developing countries, a particular priority in the growing field of Family Medicine.
Distant Learning, Family Medicine, Face-to-Face Learning, Videoconferencing
To cite this article
Marwa Mostafa Ahmed, Ghada Mahmoud Khafajy, Nagwa Eid Saad, Professional Diploma of Family Medicine in Egypt and Sudan: Face-to-Face Versus Synchronous Distant Learning, European Journal of Preventive Medicine. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 197-200. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20150306.17
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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